Call me biased but I think the British built the most attractive architecture among all colonists. Most of their buildings were also public administration buildings and not religious monuments, which are still in use today.
Given their vast empire, the architects assigned by the Crown spent their time in India, which was then an intermix of Mughal, Maratha, Dravidian and Moorish styles while combining it with the Victorian style of Gothic architecture, Baroque and Neo-classical. The resulting style became a trademark of the. British East India Company.
Some of these examples can be seen in Ipoh, Malaysia. Once the tin capital of the world, Ipoh’s tin mines supplying a little more than half of the world’s total tin output. This included tinned food for soldiers during the wars as well as for household use, for construction purposes, pipe work and plumbing, as well as making bullets which were used in the 2 world wars.
With tin came other activity such as banking and commerce, railway and transportation, judiciary, clubbing and entertainment and given the wealth, this once sleepy town sprung into action.
Hakka miners came in the hope of making fortunes from tin – it was also the Hakka who went to California during the Gold Rush and also to Australia. Some miners did strike gold and became owners of these tin mines. They are called Towkays and they built exclusive clubs for other Towkays.
There were also the Hokkien who went into financial industry, Foochow who went into rubber and rice business, Teochew who went into plantation; Hainanese who made Hainanese chicken rice popular; and then there were the Cantonese whose economic xxx went into coffee shop business,
The Indians, primarily professionals were in the legal services while the Sikhs were in the police force or fire brigade.
These various businesses were managed by the British East India Company administrators who built some of the most captivating architectural monuments, most of which lie in a state of disrepair. Once the town was mined out, there is little that remains now. The buildings stand as a testament to the glory days of the past while the townspeople thank you for visiting Ipoh, an unlikely tourist destination that is now known for its food.